Architecture is the art and science of designing and engineering buildings as well as large structure. In general term, it can be described as buildings and other physical structure. It is one of those fields that include a wide range of career options, owing to the several topics that fall under its domain.
According to Thom Mayne, “Architecture is a way of seeing, thinking and questioning about the whole universe and what is our place in this world.”
Their knowledge, artistic sense, design skills make them capable of approaching other paths like graphic design, game design and product design.
History of Architecture
The first surviving written work on the subject of architecture is De architecture, by the Roman architect Vitruvius in the early first century AD. Vitruvius says that the architect should strive to fulfil the three most important attributes- durability, utility and beauty.
In the early 19th century, Augustus Welby Northmore Pugin wrote Contrasts the modern, industrial world, which he disparaged, with an ideal layout of the neo-medieval world.
In the late 19th century, Louis Sullivan, an architect of skyscrapers, promoted an overriding precept to architectural design. In the last 20th century, a new concept, the consideration of sustainability was added to the compass of structure and function.
Types of Architecture
Architecture is classified as per the Social formations, class architectural and as per the role of the patron in the community. The models are:
- Domestic Architecture
- Vernacular Architecture
- Power Architecture
The work of architecture is employed to fulfil the practical as well as emotional needs, and so it serves aesthetic and utilitarian both ends. From forming skyscrapers to incredible museums, the architecture discovers some of the most fantastic building designs to pop up in skyline across the world. And, in the present information technology world, the new technical aspect and networks are being applied on architecture that is producing a unique outcome of thinking.
Architecture is blessed and cursed with many more dimensions than its greats know what to do with: the three main sensible spaces. It is said that architects create the home, office buildings, schools and other creatures. These are the very talented people with a flair for design, an awareness of social trends, keen business sense, solid engineering skill and some basic knowledge of the law. You can easily be the part of this filed, if you are enough motivated to learn things and have some patience.