In Sanatan Dharma, there has been a tradition of respecting the Gurus since the beginning. In our religious texts, there is a description of many such gurus, who have given new heights to the Guru-disciple tradition. The meaning of Guru is the one who leads from darkness to light i.e. Guru is the one who guides the disciple properly for success in life. Today we are telling you about the great gurus mentioned in the scriptures.
Lord Shiva is Aadi and Anant i.e. no one knows about his origin and no one knows about his end. That means Shiva is the Supreme Father Supreme God. Lord Shiva has also imparted supreme knowledge to his disciples by becoming a Guru. If it is said that Lord Shiva is the first Guru of the universe, then there will be no exaggeration. Parashurama, the incarnation of Lord Vishnu, was taught weapons by Shiva himself. Parshuram had made the earth devoid of a Kshatriya clan many times with the help of Parshu (axe) given by Shiva. According to the Brahmavaivarta Purana, Lord Shiva is also the guru of Jaratkaru (Manasa), the sister of the serpents.
Dead Sanjivani Vidya given to Shukracharya:
Shiva had taught the dead Sanjivani Vidya to Shukracharya, the guru of the demons. Once there was a fierce war between the gods and the demons. Shukracharya would have revived the dead with the help of Sanjeevani Vidya. Seeing this, Lord Shiva swallowed Shukracharya and threw him out again after the war was over. Mother Parvati considered Shukracharya as her son only after being born again by Shiva.
Jupiter is the teacher of the gods. According to the Adi Parva of Mahabharata, Brihaspati is the son of Maharishi Angira. With their knowledge, they make the deities receive their Yagya Bhag or Havi. Asuras and demons keep on trying to defeat the deities by weakening them by creating obstacles in the Yagya. Devguru Brihaspati nourishes and protects the deities by using Rakshoghra mantras and protects the deities from demons.
Brihaspati told Shachi a solution:
According to religious texts, once Devraj Indra left heaven for some reason. In his place King Nahusha was given the authority of heaven. As soon as he became the ruler of heaven, sin came in Nahush's mind and he wanted to take possession of Indra's wife Shachi. Shachi told this to Devguru Brihaspati. Devguru Brihaspati told Shachi that you tell Nahush that if he comes sitting in a palanquin carried by the Saptarishis, then only you will consider him your master. Shachi told this to Nahush. Nahush did the same. When the Saptarishis were carrying a palanquin, Nahusha kicked a sage. Enraged, sage Agastya cursed him to fall from heaven at that very moment. In this way, with the advice of Devguru Brihaspati, Shachi's religion of husbandhood remained.
Shukracharya is the teacher of demons. He is the son of sage Bhrigu and Divya, daughter of Hiranyakashipu. His birth name is Shukra Ushanas. Lord Shiva had given him the knowledge of dead Sanjeevan Vidya, on the basis of which he used to revive the dead demons.
Lord Vaman had torn one eye:
According to the scriptures, when Lord Vishnu in Navamnavatar asked for three steps of land from King Bali, then Shukracharya went and sat in Bali's Kamandal in a subtle form, so that the water would not come out and Bali could not take the pledge of donating the land. Then Lord Vaman inserted a straw into the sacrificial kamandal, which caused one of Shukracharya's eyes to burst. That's why they are also called Ekaksha i.e. one eyed.
Parshuram was a great warrior and teacher. He was a Brahmin by birth, but his nature was like a Kshatriya. According to religious texts, he was an incarnation of Lord Vishnu. He had received the education of weapons from Lord Shiva. His father's name was Jamadagni and mother's name was Renuka. To avenge the murder of his father, he had deprived a Kshatriya clan from the earth several times. Bhishma, Dronacharya and Karna were his great disciples.
Karna was cursed:
According to the Mahabharata, Karna was a disciple of Parashurama. Karna introduced himself to Parshuram as the son of a thread. Once Parashurama was sleeping with his head on Karna's lap. At the same time Karna was bitten by a fierce insect. Karna kept on suffering the pain thinking that the Guru's sleep should not be disturbed, but he did not wake Parashurama from his sleep. When Parshuram saw this after waking up from sleep, he understood that Karna is not a son of a Sutputra but a Kshatriya. Enraged, Parshuram then cursed Karna that you would forget the knowledge of weapons taught by me when you needed it the most. Thus, due to the curse of Parshuram, Karna died.
According to religious texts, Maharishi Vedvyas was an incarnation of Lord Vishnu. His full name was Krishnadwaipayan. He only divided the Vedas. That's why his name was Ved Vyas. Maharishi Ved Vyas has also composed the best book like Mahabharata. His father was Maharishi Parashar and mother Satyavati. Pail, Jaimin, Vaishampayan, Sumantumuni, Romaharshan etc. were great disciples of Maharishi Vedvyas.
Kauravas were born with the boon of Ved Vyas ji:
Once Maharishi Vedvyas went to Hastinapur. There Gandhari served him a lot. Pleased with her service, Maharishi gave her the boon of being the mother of a hundred sons. When the time came, Gandhari became pregnant, but a round lump of flesh came out of her womb. Gandhari wanted to destroy him. Vedvyasji came to know about this and asked Gandhari to get 100 kunds constructed and fill them with ghee. After this, Maharishi Vedvyas cut that body into 100 pieces and put them in different pools. After some time, 100 sons of Gandhari were born from those pools.
Sage Vashishtha was the Vice-Chancellor of the Suryavansh. On his advice, King Dashrath had performed Putreshti Yagya, as a result of which Shri Ram, Lakshman, Bharat and Shatrughan were born. Lord Rama had received the teachings of all the Vedas and Vedas from sage Vashishtha. After Shriram's return from exile, his coronation took place through him and the establishment of Ramrajya became possible. He also composed books like Vashishtha Purana, Vashishtha Shraddhakalpa, Vashishtha Shiksha etc.
Vishwamitra was defeated by Brahmatej:
Once King Vishwamitra went far away while hunting. To rest for a while, they stopped at the hermitage of sage Vashishtha. Here he saw Kamdhenu Nandini. Seeing Nandini cow, Vishwamitra said to Vashishtha that you give this cow to me, in return you can ask whatever you want from me, but sage Vashishtha refused to do so. Then King Vishwamitra started taking Nandini with him forcefully. Then at the behest of sage Vashishtha, Nandini got angry and chased away Vishwamitra and his entire army. Vishwamitra was very surprised to see the Brahmatej of Rishi Vashishtha and he also left his kingdom and started doing penance.
Maharishi Sandipani was the teacher of Lord Krishna. Shri Krishna and Balram had come from Mathura to Ujjayini (present Ujjain) to get education from him. It was Maharishi Sandipani who taught 64 arts to Lord Krishna. Shri Krishna had learned these arts in 64 days. Guru Sandipani's ashram is still located in Ujjain city of Madhya Pradesh.
Guru Dakshina was asked from Shri Krishna by his son:
After killing Kansa in Mathura, Lord Krishna was sent by Vasudev and Devaki to Guru Sandipani in Avantika city (present day Ujjain in Madhya Pradesh) to receive education. After receiving education, when it came to Gurudakshina, Rishi Sandipani said to Krishna that what should I ask from you, there is no such thing in the world that can be asked from you and you cannot give. Krishna said that you ask anything from me, I will bring it. Only then Guru Dakshina will be complete. Sage Sandipani said that a demon named Shankhasur has taken my son away. bring him back Krishna promised to bring back the Guru's son and set out to find him with Balarama. While searching, they reached the sea shore. On asking the sea, he told the Lord that the demon of the Panchaja caste is hidden in the sea in the form of a conch shell. May be he has eaten your guru's son. God killed Shankhasur by going into the sea and searched for his guru's son in his stomach, but he could not be found. God went to Yamlok with the conch shell of Shankhasur's body. The Lord took back his Guru's son from Yamraj and completed Guru Dakshina by returning his son to Guru Sandipani.
According to religious texts, Vishwamitra was a Kshatriya by birth, but Lord Brahma, pleased with his severe penance, had given him the post of Brahmarshi. Sage Vishwamitra had taken Shriram and Lakshmana with him to the forest to complete his Yagya, where he had given many celestial weapons to Shriram. According to Ramcharitmanas, it was sage Vishwamitra who took Lord Rama to Sita Swayamvara.
That's why Vishwamitra later became Brahmarshi:
Vishwamitra's father's name was Raja Gandhi. Satyavati, the daughter of Raja Gandhi, was married to Richik, the son of Maharishi Bhrigu. After marriage, Satyavati begged her father-in-law Maharishi Bhrigu for a son for herself and her mother. Then Maharishi Bhrigu gave two fruits to Satyavati and said that after seasonal bath, you should eat these fruits after hugging the sycamore tree and your mother Peepal tree. But Satyavati and her mother made a mistake in this work by mistake. Maharishi Bhrigu came to know about this. Then he told Satyavati that you have hugged the wrong tree. That's why even if your son is a Brahmin, he will have Kshatriya qualities and your mother's son will behave like a Brahmin even if he is a Kshatriya. This was the reason that even after being a Kshatriya, Vishwamitra attained the position of Brahmarshi.
Dronacharya was a great archer. He only taught weapons and weapons to Kauravas and Pandavas. According to the Mahabharata, Dronacharya was an incarnation of Devguru Brihaspati. His father's name was Maharishi Bhardwaj. Dronacharya was married to Kripi, the daughter of Sharadwan. His son was the great Ashwatthama. The great archer Arjuna was his favorite disciple.
Arjun was given a boon:
Once Guru Dronacharya was taking a bath in the river, at the same time he was caught by a crocodile. He started calling his disciples for help. Duryodhana, Yudhishthira, Bhima, Dushasan etc. many disciples were standing there, but seeing the Guru in distress, they were also very scared. Then Arjun killed that crocodile with his sharp arrows. Seeing the bravery of Arjuna, Guru Dronacharya gave him the boon of being the best archer.